Speech-language pathologists provide a wide range of services, mainly on an individual basis, but also as support for families, support groups, and providing information for the general public. Speech services begin with initial screening for communication and swallowing disorders and continue with assessment and diagnosis, consultation, intervention and treatment. Your speech therapist will also work to include a home exercise program for you and your child to complete for continued progress in the home environment. Speech therapy targets the below listed needs:
cognitive aspects of communication such as attention, memory, and problem solving.
speech aspects such as articulation, fluency, resonance, and voice.
language aspects and pragmatic/social aspects of communication including comprehension and oral/written expression.
language processing (such as preliteracy and language-based literacy skills, phonological awareness).
swallowing or other upper aerodigestive functions such as infant feeding.
sensory awareness related to communication or swallowing.
augmentative communication assessment and implementation.
Typical Diagnoses addressed by Speech Therapy (but not limited to)
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
How do I know if my child needs speech therapy?
Talk to your pediatrician. Your pediatrician can answer questions about normal speech and language development. Does your child appear to have difficulty communicating his/her wants and needs? Does your child have difficulty with feeding/swallowing skills? Does your child appear to be behind in his/her speech or language skills? This does not include all the reasons why your child may need speech therapy, but your pediatrician will assist in the referral process.